The list of the most popular 15 SAST tools on the market and learn how to integrate into DevSecOps pipeline.
14 min read
Static Application Security Testing (SAST) tools are solutions that scan your application source code or binary and find vulnerabilities.
It is known as White-box testing, and developers can use it within the IDE or integrate it into CI/CD pipelines.
First SAST tools came into the market in 2002* and are part of every modern application development environment. It can help developers in real-time with the potential security issues in the code they are writing.
Most of the SAST tools start the process by creating a common format (AST) irrespective of the language of your code. This way it will be easier/faster to query the source code and find security issues.
After creating a model from your source code then SAST tools can start looking for known issues with the rule engine.
It will include language-specific rules, relevant rules and custom rules that users can add to cover business-logic related issues.
In semantic analysis, SAST tools will look for the usage of insecure code and even can detect indirect calls.
Structural analysis will check language-specific secure coding violations and detect improper variables/functions/methods access modifier, dead code, insecure multithreading, and memory leaks.
Control flow analysis validates the order of operations by checking sequence patterns. It can identify the dangerous sequence of actions, resource leaks, race conditions and Improper variable/object initializing before use.
Data flow analysis is the most powerful technique, and It tracks the data flow from the taint source (attacker-controlled inputs) to the vulnerable sink. (exploitable code)
It can identify Injections, buffer overflows, and format-string attacks.
Configuration analysis checks the application's configuration files (XML, Web.config, properties files) and finds known security misconfigurations.
Integrating SAST tools into automated DevOps workflows, making it much faster to deliver secure software to your end-users.
It will save a lot of time during vulnerability management / remediation, and your developers will get an immediate response from the SAST Tool with this proactive scanning approach.
You can use a solution like Kondukto by integrating your existing SAST Tools or run code scans with built-in opensource SAST tools directly in CI/CD pipeline.
Also, you can join CandyShop DevsecOps to check open-source SAST tool results for the popular testbed.
Here are the most popular SAST tools:
It is a free (open-source) static security scanner for Python applications.
Supported Languages: Python
License: Free (Open-Source)
Official Website: https://pypi.org/project/bandit/
It is a free (open-source) vulnerability scanner for Ruby on Rails applications.
Supported Languages: Ruby on Rails
License: Free (Open-Source)
Official Website: https://brakemanscanner.org/
Enterprise-level static code scanner supports all popular languages and is nominated as “Leaders” in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2022.
Official Website: https://checkmarx.com/
An enterprise-level application security testing suite contains a source code scanner for 11 languages and is nominated as “Visionaries” in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2022.
It's the SAST part of Synopsys application security suite.
An enterprise-level static scanner supports 20 languages and is nominated as “Leaders” in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2022.
An enterprise-level application security tool suite that contains a static scanner supports 34 languages and gets nominated as “Leaders” in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2022.
Supported Languages: ABAP, Android, Angular, AngularJS, APEX, ASP Classic
License: Commercial, AppScan CodeSweep (Free)
Official Website: https://www.hcltechsw.com/appscan/offerings/source
A practical and efficient static code scanner for 28 programming languages.
Official Website: https://www.kiuwan.com/code-security-sast/
License: Commercial (with Free Trial)
Official Website: https://www.perforce.com/products/klocwork
License: Commercial (Free for open source projects)
Official Website: https://lgtm.com
A lightweight static code scanner for Node.js
Supported Languages: Node.js
License: Commercial (Free for a single user)
Official Website: https://www.reshiftsecurity.com
A fast open-source code vulnerability scanner for 11 language support.
License: Commercial (with Free Community Edition)
Official Website: https://semgrep.dev
An enterprise-level DevSecOps solution that contains a static code scanner for 11 languages and is nominated as “Challengers” in Magic Quadrant 2022.
License: Commercial (with Free Limited Test edition)
Official Website: https://snyk.io/product/snyk-code/
A very popular static code scanner for 29 languages.
License: Commercial (with Free Community edition)
Official Website: https://www.sonarqube.org/features/security/
It is an enterprise-level SAST tool that will provide automated feedback to your developers in the IDE and CI/CD pipeline. It is nominated as “Leaders” in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2022.
Official Website: https://www.veracode.com/security/static-code-analysis
Anything I Missed?
So these are my favourite SAST tools, and now I’d like to hear from you:
Is there any other SAST tool that you love… but didn’t see in this article?
Or maybe you have a question. Either way, let me know by leaving a comment below right now.